Friday, May 22, 2020
Presented by: Name: MALOBIKA SEN Semester: III Roll No Section: Ã¢â¬Å"The world is not such an innocent place as we used to think, Petkoff.Ã¢â¬ (Act III, p. 67) Table of Contents: 1. Introduction; The Subject matter of the Play Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦3 2. Background of Ã¢â¬ËArms the ManÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 5 3. Analysis of the Style and Language of the PlayÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 6 4. Relevance of the PlayÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 7 5. BibliographyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 8 Introduction: The Subject matter of the Play1 The play begins in the bedroom of Raina Petkoff in a Bulgarian town in 1885, during the Serbo-Bulgarian War. As the play opens, Catherine Petkoff and her daughter, Raina, have just heard that the BulgariansÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Since he is being so blatantly familiar, Louka declares that Miss Raina is no better than she; Raina, she says, has been having an affair while Sergius was away, but she refuses to tell Sergius who Rainas lover is, even though Sergius accidently bruises Loukas arm while trying to wrest a confession from her. When he apologizes, Louka insists that he kiss her arm, but Sergius refuses and, at that moment, Raina re-enters. Sergius is then called away, and Catherine enters. The two ladies discuss how incensed they both are that Sergius related the tale about the escaping soldier. Raina, however, doesnt care if Sergius hears about it; she is tired of his stiff propriety. At that moment, Louka announces the presence of a Swiss officer with a carpetbag, call ing for the lady of the house. His name is Captain Bluntschli. Instantly, they both know he is the chocolate cream soldier who is returning the Majors old coat that they disguised him in. As they make rapid, desperate plans to send him away, Major Petkoff hails Bluntschli and greets him warmly as the person who aided them in the final negotiations of the war; the old Major insists that Bluntschli must their houseguest until he has to return to Switzerland. Act III begins shortly after lunch and takes place in the library. Captain Bluntschli is attending to a large amount of confusing paperwork in
Thursday, May 7, 2020
The Article, Why ShouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A defense of Homosexuality is an article that expounds upon why Tommy and Jim should be able to have sex and a loving relationship and it not looked at as being unnatural in anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes. Commonly homosexuality is raised as a morally wrong behavior that needs to be asset. A common thought among many people are that homosexuality is unnatural and harmful to those who take part in it. John Corvino think through different types of arguments that finds defendable. In the article Corvino first explains the relationship of two gentlemen named Tommy and Jim that are living together that homosexuals and are in a loving relationship before he goes into depth of why they should be able to have sex because it is not unnatural for them to do so if they please. Corvino provides different scenarios or versions of arguments that would say homosexuality is unnatural or wrong but he combats these arguments with firm facts or he explained why the arguments werenÃ¢â¬â¢t strong enough to stand. Ã¢â¬Å"One meaning of Ã¢â¬Å"unnaturalÃ¢â¬ refers to that which deviates from the norm, that is, from what most people do.Ã¢â¬ (96) Corvino politely clarifies why homosexuality is natural, even though homosexuality reviewed as unnatural in the sense that it is unusual he disputes it by saying that the fact is morally irrelevant. His reason for making that statement is because you cannot say something is unnatural because it is unusual then you would say that being able toShow MoreRelatedEthics of Homosexuality857 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnatural law theory. In order to properly understand either theory it is important to know the meaning behind each. According to , divine command theory can be used to refer to any one of a family of related ethical theories. What these theories have in common is that they take GodÃ¢â¬â¢s will to be the foundation of ethics. According to divine command theory, things are morally good or bad, or morally obligatory, permissible, or prohibited, solely because of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s will or commands. Both the new and
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Teenage Pregnancy: WhoÃ¢â¬â¢s To Blame? Over the past 10 years, teenage pregnancy has escalated about 10%. As the years pass, more blames for teen pregnancy come up. The first few years that teen pregnancy became a problem, the people blamed the girl that became pregnant. We will write a custom essay sample on Research Paper on Teen Pregnancy or any similar topic only for you Order Now Then as it progressed worse and worse, the blame pointed to the father of the unborn child. When the movie Ã¢â¬Å"JuneÃ¢â¬â¢ came out in around 2009 that became blame. Then came Ã¢â¬Å"16 and pregnantÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Teen MomÃ¢â¬ . Hollywood started clamoring teen pregnancy pretty much saying its okay to be a teen mom because you can become ammos. This made the girls of the U. S think Ã¢â¬Å"Maybe since these girls are becoming famous for being a teen mom maybe I can tooÃ¢â¬ . Then thereÃ¢â¬â¢s the no sex education in the schools. Schools these days think that all teens know about sex so why teach it? Teenage pregnancies are 100% preventable. Teenagers should make the right decision and choose abstinence. If they choose to have premarital sex then they should take the right precautions to prevent pregnancies. Media and society plays a huge role in teen pregnancy. Ã¢â¬Å"16 and pregnantÃ¢â¬ is a show that publicizes pregnant teenage girls. It shows their struggles in life as a pregnant teen, how they try to deal with the Judgment of their peers, trying to go through school, having the baby, and trying to be a teenager. Another blame for teen pregnancy is peer pressure. Friends getting pregnant and boyfriends are the main peer pressure girls get. When a friend gets pregnant some girls get Jealous of the attention their friend is getting so they go and get pregnant so they can have the attention too. Then thereÃ¢â¬â¢s the boyfriend factor; most teenage boys are sexually active and continue that way with all the girls he boy comes in contact with. Most guys think Ã¢â¬Å"Oh well since all these girls she hangs around with are doing it IÃ¢â¬â¢ll push her into doing it with meÃ¢â¬ , or theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll pull the Ã¢â¬Å"if you love meÃ¢â¬ card. As a teenage girl there are many things going through your mind when a boy likes you and wants to have relations with you. You think about if he really loves you, if heÃ¢â¬â¢ll leave you if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t do it, etc. Cost teenage girls that become pregnant will tell you miss, I became pregnant to maintain a stable relationship with my boyfriendÃ¢â¬ . There are also many schools that donÃ¢â¬â¢t offer sex education. Most schools already have a high number of teenage pregnancies so they donÃ¢â¬â¢t think they need it because most of the kids there are already sexually active. The other half of schools that do offer sex education, do nÃ¢â¬â¢t have any kids that sign up for the class. In 2009-12 there are more teenagers out there that are sexually active then there ever has before. Sex education is the place where kids learn about sex and how to take the right precautions to maintain health. A living environment is also to blame. If a teenage girl lives in a not so good part of town and her mother was also a teen mom, that girl might become a teen mother. Yes, a girl may not become a teen mom in those living environments, but they also can come in contact other bad influences. Most girls that are pregnant, and or have had sex stated that they were either intoxicated or under the influence of illegal drugs. ParentÃ¢â¬â¢s are also a blame for teenage pregnancies. When parent doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have tell the child about sex or having babies, it hurts the child in the long run because when contraceptives. Also, when a parent drills into their kidsÃ¢â¬â¢ heads Ã¢â¬Å"donÃ¢â¬â¢t have sex or lull be trampÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"donÃ¢â¬â¢t get pregnant or IÃ¢â¬â¢ll kick you out and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be homelessÃ¢â¬ , and try to restrict the kid from dating, talking to, hanging out with, or any type of contact with the opposite sex will cause the child to rebel against their parentÃ¢â¬â¢s thus having sex and getting pregnant. In 2009, 1 of 11 year olds have had sex, 2. 4% of 12 year olds, even though pregnancy at these ages is very rare, sexual activity is more likely to be in the teens. 5. 4% of 13 year olds, 11% of 14 year olds, 20% of 15 year olds, 33% of 16 year olds, more than half of the teens 17 to 19 said that they were sexually active UT 25% said they have not until the age of 20 (Gale, 2007). The average age of a teen having premarital sex is 16. 4 years in Caucasians and 15. 5 years in African Americans (Talk of the Nation, 2008). It is estimated that 19% of teenage girls who get pregnant opt for abortion, with about 52% of women younger than 25 years old getting abortions. Of the girls who give birth, most decide to keep their babies. Between 1982 and 1988, only 3% of Caucasian girls gave up tier babies for adoption, compared to the 19% between 1965 and 1972. That figure is even smaller for African American arils. These figures still hold generally the truth now days (World of health, 2007). Not only does premarital sex without contraceptives lead to pregnancy it also leads to Studs that can lead to permanent sickness and even death. Teenage mothers are at more risk of health problems than adult mothers. They are more open to dieses such as tootsie, anemia, and upperclassman. The number one contraceptive used by teenagers is birth control. It is 100% effective if taken the right way. The pro side of teen pregnancy is that you get to have a baby and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s about it. The con side of teen regency is that you are a child your self and you are in your teens you are suppose to have fun and live life. Teen pregnancy is becoming an epidemic and it needs to stop because the abortion rate is sky rocketing, babies are being left out in the rain with no parental guidance. Yes, there are some teens out there that are great parentÃ¢â¬â¢s but they are very slim. When it comes to having children, teenagers are not able to raise them because they are children themselves. If teenagers think they are mature enough to have premarital sex then they should make the mature decision to prevent pregnancies. How to cite Research Paper on Teen Pregnancy, Essays
Monday, April 27, 2020
Intercultural Communication in Healthcare Paper Intercultural Communication in Healthcare Intercultural Communication in Healthcare In a culture as diverse as the United States it is of utmost importance that individuals in settings such as the health care field learn to communicate with people from different cultures. This type of setting offers many chances for misunderstanding, miscommunication, and mistrust. It is imperative for the health care field to have an effective strategy to minimize these negative consequences of poor intercultural communication. One must also remember when implementing a communication strategy that there are many elements that effect the experience; cultural variations, personal dignity, and interpersonal relationships. An effective intercultural communication strategy improves these aspects of the health care experience. Gathering knowledge of different cultures and the beliefs, values, and language can be an effective strategy to overcoming cultural diversity and improve intercultural communication. Cultural variation means that people are different from one another. Each person has his or her own set of values, norms, and beliefs. Individuals share these with others from their own culture; however with the vast number of separate cultures today it is important to understand not only that people are different but also how to embrace these differences in order to supply individuals with appropriate health care. There are many ways in which differences and cultures can affect health care services. Different cultures have different beliefs about health, wellness, and healing. Cultures also have varying beliefs about the causes of illness and diseases. We will write a custom essay sample on Intercultural Communication in Healthcare specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Intercultural Communication in Healthcare specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Intercultural Communication in Healthcare specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer For example, many individuals from the Asian culture believe that to discuss cancer is offensive and brings bad luck. They also believe that if there are no warning signs of cancer there is no reason for cancer screenings (Zhao, Esposito, Wang, 2010). Overcoming these cultural beliefs and ideas can cause individuals not to trust Western medicine or medical doctors. In order to overcome these cultural variations it is important for health care providers to be sensitive to the beliefs of other cultures. Showing support and respect for cultural health beliefs creates a better interpersonal relationship between patient and physician. When implementing a wellness plan for the patient to follow the physician should take into consideration the beliefs of the patient. Health care providers should seek and obtain knowledge of their patientÃ¢â¬â¢s diverse cultures. Obtaining the knowledge of other cultures can be an valuable skill. Health care providers should remain aware of the importance of personal dignity in the health care industry. This is especially true when caring for individuals with cultural differences. According to Nursing Ethics (2001), Inherent in nursing is respect for human rights, including the right to life, to dignity and to be treated with respect. Nursing care is unrestricted by considerations of age, colour, creed, culture, disability or illness, gender, nationality, politics, race or social status. (p. 375). Treating others with respect and dignity can not only improve the interpersonal relationship between patient and provider, it can also lead to a better patient compliance with physicians orders. A patient who is resentful of perceived or real lack of respect by his or her health care provider is less likely to follow the physicianÃ¢â¬â¢s instructions. Dignity plays an important role in the health care experience. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world of cultural diversity, knowledge is a valuable resource. With individuals from different areas and countries seeking health care in the United States one valuable strategy to improve interpersonal relationships is for the provider, nurse, or another individual in the office or hospital to speak different languages. For example, a patient who comes into the hospital does not speak English. The patient can be scared, confused, worried, and anxious. If they are not able to understand the physician or explain their concerns or complaint to the physician or nurse, misunderstandings, confusion, and misdiagnosis can occur. If there is no bilingual staff member, an interpreter should be available to aid in translating for both the patient and physician. When a patient can understand the physicians and nurses questions about their situation and the patient can explain their signs and symptoms the interpersonal relationship is strengthened and trust can be created. By obtaining knowledge of other cultures beliefs, how they value medicine, beliefs about the cause and treatment of disease, and knowledge or availability to understand different languages the health care provider can create an atmosphere of trust with their patient. When treated with dignity, respect, and genuine concern, a patient from a different culture will be more likely to be more open with his or her provider, follow the physicianÃ¢â¬â¢s follow-up instructions and care plan, and maintain a positive interpersonal relationship with their physician. According to Jordan (2009) Ã¢â¬Å"Cultural competence is key to the delivery of the highest quality health care; it is intrinsically tied to our ability to understand and effectively address the cultural and linguistic needs of our patients and familiesÃ¢â¬ (p. 8). Reference Codes and Declarations. (2001). Nursing Ethics, 8(4), 375-379. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Jordan, T. (2009). Diversity vs. Inclusion. INSIGHT into Diversity, 19. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Zhao, M. , Esposito, N. , Wang, K. (2010). Cultural beliefs and attitudes toward health and health care among Asian-born women in the United States. JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic Neonatal Nursing, 39(4), 370-385. doi:10. 111 1/j. 1552-6909. 2010. 01151. x
Thursday, March 19, 2020
isu essay good Essays (603 words) - Terry Fox, Creative Works, Terry Sean Julien J. Watson ENG1D1 June 8, 2017 Terry Fox Hero- a person who is admired or idealized for courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities. A hero is courageous. A hero is perseverance. A hero is selfless. In the biography Terry Fox His Story written by Leslie Scrivener Terry has displayed these three character traits. Terry Fox displayed courage most of the time, in many ways for himself, his family, friends, and every other person that looked up to him. "Even though he had cancer terry still chose to run" (Scrivener 36). Terry was diagnosed with cancer when he was only 18 years old, but instead of being that one kid who just did nothing about a bad time, he decided to do something, which ended up helping the world. After that "he dreamed to run 5300 miles, but didn't and still felt successful" (102). The thing is that Terry dreamed to do this amazing and incredible task that no one believed was possible except him. In the end, he may not have been able to finish, but he did not let that defeat him instead he was still proud of himself and so were all the people who doubted him in the beginning. So, Terry Fox showed that he was courageous from being able to run across Canada even though he had cancer. The second important character trait Terry had shown was perseverance. Perseverance is an important trait to have so he would not give up on everything and stick with what you are doing. Terry showed perseverance since he would push through most of the pains he had went through "Terry only stopped when the pain got too much to handle" (221). Even though he would run through pain everyday it just so bad he could not take it. And Terry did not just stop when he first felt a little pain "I was very sore and tired. It was even hard to walk, but still go up and ran" (232). Terry could have stopped running at any time but he chose to continue and to not give up on himself and others. If Terry did not have perseverance he may have stopped at the beginning of his run and could have not done the incredible acts that he has. A good person can do things for others without expecting anything in return which is what Terry Fox did just that and that is called selflessness. Terry started the marathon of hope to raise money and awareness for cancer research. And after he had to stop his run he was told "we will not rest until your dream to find a cure is met" (212). Since all the money Terry had raised was put towards cancer research instead of keeping it for himself. Also because of what Terry had done over his run "Terry was named Canada's greatest hero" (234). This happened because Terry did not need to start his run to earn money instead he could have just laid in bed trying to recover but he chose to make something out of nothing. Also, whenever Terry would be offered a Sponsorship he would turn down every offer. In conclusion Terry Fox is selfless because he chose to run across Canada to raise money and awareness for cancer research on his own. In conclusion Terry Fox has shown in multiple occasions that he is a hero, and has all the traits you would need if not more to be a worldwide hero like himself. Therefore, Terry Fox represents a hero. Work Cited Scrivener, Leslie. Terry Fox his story. Toronto. The Terry Fox Foundation,2000.Print.
Monday, March 2, 2020
The Definition and Most Popular Methods of Note Taking Note-taking is the practice of writing down or otherwise recording key points of information. Note-taking is an important part of the research process. Notes taken on class lectures or discussions may serve as study aids, while notes taken during an interview may provide material for an essay, article, or book.Ã Taking notes doesnt simply mean scribbling down or marking up the things that strike your fancy, sayÃ Walter Pauk and Ross J.Q. Owens in their book, How to Study in College. It means using a proven system and then effectively recording information before tying everything together. Cognitive Benefits of Note-Taking Note-taking involves certain cognitive behavior; writing notes engages your brain in specific and beneficial ways that help you grasp and retain information. Note-taking can result in broader learning than simply mastering course content because it helps you to process information and make connections between ideas, allowing you to apply your new knowledge to novel contexts, according toÃ Michael C. Friedman, in his paper, Notes on Note-Taking: Review of Research and Insights for Students and Instructors, which is part of theÃ Harvard University Initiative for Learning and Teaching. Shelley OHara, in her book, Improving Your Study Skills: Study Smart, Study Less, agrees, stating: Taking notes involvesÃ active listening, as well as connecting and relating information to ideas you already know. It also involves seeking answers to questions that arise from the material. Taking notes forces you to actively engage your brain as you identify whats important in terms of what the speaker is saying and begin to organize that information into a comprehensible format to decipher later. That process, which is far more than simply scribbling what you hear, involves some heavy brainwork. Most Popular Note-Taking Methods Note-taking aids in reflection, mentally reviewing what you write. To that end, there are certain methods of note-taking that are among the most popular: The Cornell method, where you divide the paper into three sections: a space on the left for writing the main topics, a larger space on the right to write your notes, and a space at the bottom to summarize your notes; review and clarify your notes a soon as possible after class; summarize what youve written on the bottom of the page; and finally, study your notes.Creating a mindÃ map,Ã a visualÃ diagram that lets you organizeÃ your notes in aÃ two-dimensionalÃ structure, saysÃ Focus. You create a mind map by writing theÃ subject or headline inÃ the centerÃ of the page then add yourÃ notes in the form of branches thatÃ radiateÃ outward from the center.Outlining, whichÃ is similar to creating an outline that you might use for a research paper.Charting, whichÃ allows you to break up information into such categories as similarities and differences; dates, events, and impact; and pros andÃ cons, saysÃ East Carolina University.TheÃ sentence method, where you record every new thought, fact or topic on a separate line. All information is recorded, but it lacks (the) clarification of major and minor topics. Immediate review and editing are required to determine how information should be organized, says East Carolina University. Note-Taking Tips There are, of course, other variations on the previously described note-taking methods, such as the two-column method, saysÃ Kathleen T. McWhorter, in her book, Successful College Writing, who explains that to use this method: Draw a vertical line from the top of a piece of paper to the bottom. The left-hand column should be about half as wide as the right-hand column. In the wider, right-hand column, record ideas and facts as they are presented in a lecture or discussion. In the narrower, left-hand column, note your own questions as they arise during the class. Making a listÃ can also be effective, sayÃ John N. Gardner and Betsy O. Barefoot in Step by Step to College and Career Success. Once you have decided on a format for taking notes, you may also want to develop your own system of abbreviations, they suggest. Note-Taking Tips Among other tips offered by note-taking experts:Leave a space between entries so that you can fill in missing information.Use a laptop, which allows you to download information to add to your notes either during or after the lecture.Understand that there is a difference between taking notes on what you read and what you hear (in a lecture). If youre unsure what that might be, visit a teacher or professor during office hours and ask her to elaborate. Among other tips offered by note-taking experts: Leave a space between entries so that you can fill in missing information.Use a laptop, which allows you to download information to add to your notes either during or after the lecture.Understand that there is a difference between taking notes on what you read and what you hear (in a lecture). If youre unsure what that might be, visit a teacher or professor during office hours and ask her to elaborate. If none of these methods suit you, read the words of author Paul Theroux, in his article A World Duly Noted published in The Wall Street Journal in 2013: I write down everything and never assume that I will remember something because it seemed vivid at the time. And once you read these words, dont forget to jot them down in your preferred method of note-taking so that you wont forget them.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Ethnocentrism - Essay Example hropologists agree, likes to make premature judgments about other cultures and consequently brings false assumptions into his dealings with other cultural groups. In international relations, as a result, innumerable conflicts have broken out in the name of ethnocentrism. Constructive resolution of such conflicts between social groups have proven intractable in most cases because of one groupÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of understanding of the otherÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural uniqueness. One of the earlier names of ethnocentrism is colonialism, in which one culture sought to Ã¢â¬Å"civilizeÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"developÃ¢â¬ another. As was often the case, the social group placed under the gun of colonialism had its own concept of Ã¢â¬Å"civilizationÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"developmentÃ¢â¬ which was quite different. Conflicts inevitably occurred. Ã¢â¬Å"When people are denied the legitimacy of their own life goal,Ã¢â¬ notes anthropologist Ken Barger, Ã¢â¬Å"they turn to radical means outside accepted practice.Ã¢â¬ Thus, we witnessed the bloody revolutions in colonized nations against colonizers that eventually led to global de-colonization starting in the 1950s, to coincide with the growth and acceptance of the United Nations. Colonialism is actually one of the three extreme forms of ethnocentrism, the other two being racism and ethnic cleansing. The latter gave rise to the most notorious ethnocentric of all time, Hitler, who sought to annihilate the Jews in favor of the Ã¢â¬Å"pureÃ¢â¬â¢ Aryan race and in the process triggered World War I. The belief that any culture represents the pinnacle of human achievement, which certainly possessed Hitler, is cultural arrogance of the worst form, a gross misreading of history and anthropology. Evidence of the evils wrought by ethnocentrism is all over the globe in modern times. On top of this is the mutual ethnocentric attitude between the Islamic world and the capitalist societies represented by the United States which now more than ever threatens to divide the planet. The Islamic societies